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Vitamin Deficiency: Signs and Symptoms of Vitamin Deficiency

A Vitamin Deficiency is a lack of essential nutrients and vitamins essential to normal functioning of the body’s organs, and biological systems. Humans must consume an adequate and balanced amount of vitamins and minerals to ensure that the body gets the correct amount of nutrients and can sustain itself by performing its necessary for normal growth and development. It required certain vitamins and minerals to be present at certain times to carry on certain processes the body needs to perform to function. Therefore humans must consume such vitamins and minerals periodically to avoid a deficiency. A failure to do so will result in developing vitamin deficiency symptoms and signs of vitamin deficiency.

A vitamin deficiency can be due to certain causes, and either involve the diet, or the underlying cause may be a due to a disorder which inhibits the correct absorption of vitamins and minerals by them body, such as in pernicious anemia. These classifications of vitamin deficiency can be placed in two classes either primary or secondary. Primary vitamin deficiency occurs when an organism does not get the adequate amount of certain vitamins and minerals from the diet, and therefore must compensate for this and reverse it by an uptake of the missing vitamin. Secondary vitamin deficiency on the other hand is much harder to diagnose, and to reverse because the underlying cause is due to a malfunction in the body which does not allow for the normal absorption or distribution of viable vitamins and minerals. Examples of this include but are not limited to Pernicious anemia, and certain iron deficiency anemia.

Symptoms of vitamin deficiency can vary based on the type of vitamin that is low in the system, but they range from temporary to serious illnesses that may arise due to these deficiencies. Common vitamins and minerals which may be deficient in humans include Vitamin B, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Thiamin, Vitamin D, Niacin, and Iron.  All these vitamins have different benefits and a deficiency in each can have different side effects and symptoms. Scurvy is a deficiency in Vitamin C, it was very common among pirates and sailors who did not have an adequate amount of fruits and citrus in their system. Symptoms of Vitamin C deficiency, or scurvy, include malaise and lethargy, also lead to shortness of breath, and bone pain. In the late stages, jaundice, edema, neuropathy, fever and convulsions may even lead to death. Rickets is another Vitamin deficiency symptoms characterized by a deficiency in vitamin D. Its symptoms include softening of the bones, which can lead to many complications. Pellagra is also a vitamin deficiency disease most likely caused by a lack of Niacin. Pellagra is characterizes by diarrhea, dermatitis, dementia and eventually death. Other diseases such as Pernicious anemia may also cause vitamin deficiencies. Pernicious Anemia is the lack of the body’s ability to absorb vitamin b12 due to a loss of intrinsic factor, this eventually leads to complications due to vitamin B12 deficiency.

Other common side effects of vitamin deficiency include fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, yellow skin, swollen tongue, weight loss, diarrhea, numbness in hands and feet, muscle weakness, irritability, and mental confusion. Although certain vitamin deficiency illnesses are not common in major cities, and countries it is still important to keep a balanced supply of vitamins and minerals in your body to compensate for any differences that may occur. Vitamin deficiency might be tolerable at first, but as symptoms increase they will become more and more intolerable.  Subtle drops in vitamins can still pose many health risks and a balanced diet might still not be enough, therefore supplements and multivitamins are readily available in markets worldwide which give us quick access to the many benefits these vitamins have to offer and provide.

Signs and symptoms of vitamin deficiency and anemia can include but are not limited to:   

    *Shortness of breath
    *Pale or yellowish skin
   * Swollen tongue that may appear dark red
    *Weight loss
    *Numbness or tingling in your hands and feet
    *Muscle weakness
    *Unsteady movements
    *Mental confusion or forgetfulness

Vitamin deficiencies usually develop very slowly over several months even years. Vitamin deficiency symptoms may be tolerable at first, but they will increase as the deficiency get worse.

 ***This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.